Finance 370 Final ExamCh 1, 3, 4,5,9,10,12,14,15,16,18,19,20,22,23,24There are 50 questions worth 0.2 points each for a total possible of 10 points toward your class grade. Please highlight the answer you want to give for each question in BOLD and yellow as follows:1. Which of the following is a characteristic of an efficient market?a. Small number of individuals.b. Opportunities exist for investors to profit from publicly available information.c. Security prices reflect fair value of the firm.d. Immediate response occurs for new public information.2. Diversification increases when ________ decreases.a. variabilityb. returnc. riskd. a and ce. all of the above3. Corporations receive money from investors with:a. initial public offerings.b. seasoned new issues.c. primary market transactions.d. a and b.e. all of the above.4. Which of the following is true regarding an initial public offering?a. The corporation gets proceeds from the investor.b. Investors get proceeds from other investors.c. The security is sold for the first time to the public.d. Both a and c.e. All of the above.Table 1(Use this table for questions 5-8)Smith Company Balance SheetAssets:Cash and marketable securities $300,000Accounts receivable 2,215,000Inventories 1,837,500Prepaid expenses 24,000Total current assets $3,286,500Fixed assets 2,700,000Less: accumulated depreciation 1,087,500Net fixed assets $1,612,500Total assets $4,899,000Liabilities:Accounts payable $240,000Notes payable 825,000Accrued taxes 42,500Total current liabilities $1,107,000Long-term debt 975,000Owner’s equity 2,817,000Total liabilities and owner’s equity $4,899,000Net sales (all credit) $6,375,000Less: Cost of goods sold 4,312,500Selling and administrative expense 1,387,500Depreciation expense 135,000Interest expense 127,000Earnings before taxes $412,500Income taxes 225,000Net income $187,500Common stock dividends $97,500Change in retained earnings $90,0005. Based on the information in Table 1, the current ratio is:a. 2.97.b. 1.46.c. 2.11.d. 2.23.6. Based on the information in Table 1, the debt ratio is:a. 0.70.b. 0.20.c. 0.74.d. 0.42.7. Based on the information in Table 1, the net profit margin is:a. 4.61%b. 2.94%.c. 1.97%.d. 5.33%.8. Based on the information in Table 1, the inventory turnover ratio is:a. 0.29 times.b. 2.35 times.c. 0.43 times.d. 3.47 times.9. Marshall Networks, Inc. has a total asset turnover of 2.5 and a net profit margin of 3.5%. The firm has a return on equity of 17.5%. Calculate Marshall’s debt ratio. a. 30%b. 40%c. 50%d. 60%Use the following information and the percent-of-sales method to Answer questions 10 -12. Below is the 2004 year-end balance sheet for Banner, Inc. Sales for 2004 were $1,600,000 and are expected to be $2,000,000 during 2005. In addition, we know that Banner plans to pay $90,000 in 2005 dividends and expects projected net income of 4% of sales. (For consistency with the Answer selections provided, round your forecast percentages to two decimals.)Banner, Inc. Balance SheetDecember 31, 2004AssetsCurrent assets $890,000Net fixed assets 1,000,000Total $1,890,000Liabilities and Owners’ EquityAccounts payable $160,000Accrued expenses 100,000Notes payable 700,000Long-term debt 300,000Total liabilities 1,260,000Common stock (plus paid-in capital) 360,000Retained earnings 270,000Common equity 630,000Total $1,890,00010. Banner’s projected current assets for 2005 are:a. $1,000,000.b. $1,120,000.c. $1,500,000.d. $1,260,000.11. Banner’s projected accounts payable balance for 2005 is:a. $160,000.b. $120,000.c. $200,000.d. $300,000.12. Banner’s projected fixed assets for 2005 are:a. $1,120,000.b. $1,260,000.c. $1,000,000.d. $2,380,000.13. What is the present value of $1,000 to be received 10 years from today? Assume that the investment pays 8.5% and it is compounded monthly (round to the nearest $1).a. $893b. $3,106c. $429d. $83314. What is the present value of $12,500 to be received 10 years from today? Assume a discount rate of 8% compounded annually and round to the nearest $10.a. $5,790b. $11,574c. $9,210d. $17,01015. The NPV method:a. is consistent with the goal of shareholder wealth maximization.b. recognizes the time value of money.c. uses cash flows.d. all of the above.16. If the IRR is greater than the required rate of return, the:a. present value of all the cash inflows will be greater than the initial outlay.b. payback will be less than the life of the investment.c. project should be rejected.d. both a and b.17. ABC Service can purchase a new assembler for $15,052 that will provide an annual net cash flow of $6,000 per year for five years. Calculate the NPV of the assembler if the required rate of return is 12%. (Round your answer to the nearest $1.)a. $1,056b. $4,568c. $7,621d. $6,57718. Suppose you determine that the NPV of a project is $1,525,855. What does that mean?a. In all cases, investing in this project would be better than investing in a project that has an NPV of $850,000.b. The project would add value to the firm.c. Under all conditions, the project’s payback would be less than the profitability index.d. The project’s IRR would have to be less that the firm’s discount rate.19. The IRR is:a. the discount rate that makes the NPV positive.b. the discount rate that equates the present value of the cash inflows with the cost of the project.c. the discount rate that makes the NPV negative and the profitability index greater than one.d. the rate of return that makes the NPV positive.20. Crawfish Kitchen Inc. is planning to invest in one of three mutually exclusive projects. Projected cash flows for these ventures are as follows:Which project is the most profitable according to the NPV Criteria if the discount rate for the firm is 14%?a. Plan Ab. Plan Bc. Plan C21. You are in charge of one division of Bigfella Conglomerate Inc. Your division is subject to capital rationing. Your division has four indivisible projects available, detailed as follows:Project Initial Outlay IRR NPV1 2 million 18% 2,500,0003 1 million 10% 600,0002 1 million 15% 950,0004 3 million 9% 2,000,000If you must select projects subject to a budget constraint of 5 million dollars, which set of projects should be accepted so as to maximize firm value?a. Projects 1, 2, and 3b. Project 1 onlyc. Projects 1 and 4d. Projects 2, 3, and 422. J & B, Inc. has $5 million of debt outstanding with a coupon rate of 12%. Currently, the yield to maturity on these bonds is 14%. If the firm’s tax rate is 40%, what is the cost of debt to J & B?a. 12.0%b. 14.0%c. 8.4%d. 5.6%23. Shawhan Supply plans to maintain its optimal capital structure of 30% debt, 20% preferred stock, and 50% common stock far into the future. The required return on each component is: debt–10%; preferred stock–11%; and common stock–18%. Assuming a 40% marginal tax rate, what after-tax rate of return must Shawhan Supply earn on its investments if the value of the firm is to remain unchanged?a. 18.0%b. 13.0%c. 10.0%d. 14.2%24. Bender and Co. is issuing a $1,000 par value bond that pays 9% interest annually. Investors are expected to pay $918 for the 10-year bond. Bender will have to pay $33 per bond in flotation costs. What is the cost of debt if the firm is in the 34% tax bracket?a. 7.23%b. 9.01%c. 9.23%d. 11.95%25. Armadillo Mfg. Co. has a target capital structure of 50% debt and 50% equity. They are planning to invest in a project which will necessitate raising new capital. New debt will be issued at a before-tax yield of 12%, with a coupon rate of 10%. The equity will be provided by internally generated funds. No new outside equity will be issued. If the required rate of return on the firm’s stock is 15% and its marginal tax rate is 40%, compute the firm’s cost of capital.a. 13.5%b. 12.5%c. 7.2%d. 11.1%26. Which of the following relationships is true, regarding the costs of issuing the below securities?a. Common stock > bonds > preferred stockb. Preferred stock > common stock > bondsc. Bonds > common stock > preferred stockd. Common stock > preferred stock > bonds27. The _______ is the federal agency primarily responsible for r
egulating the securities industry.a. FTCb. SECc. FRBd. SCC28. A firm’s business risk is influenced by the:a. competitive position of the firm within the industry.b. demand characteristics of the firm’s products.c. financing structure of the firm.d. both a and b.e. all of the above.29. Cost of capital is:a. the coupon rate of debt.b. a hurdle rate set by the board of directors.c. the rate of return that must be earned on additional investment if firm value is to remain unchanged.d. the average cost of the firm’s assets.30. Given the following information, determine the risk-free rate.Cost of equity = 12%Beta = 1.50Market risk premium = 3%a. 8.0%b. 7.5%c. 7.0%d. 6.5%31. Which of the following relationships is true, regarding the costs of issuing the below securities?a. Common stock > bonds > preferred stockb. Preferred stock > common stock > bondsc. Bonds > common stock > preferred stockd. Common stock > preferred stock > bondsTable 1 (Use this for questions 32-36)Average selling price per unit $16.00Variable cost per unit $11.00Units sold 200,000Fixed costs $800,000Interest expense $ 50,00032. Based on the data in Table 1, what is the break-even point in units produced and sold?a. $130,000b. $140,000c. $150,000d. $160,00033. Based on the data contained in Table 1, what is the degree of operating leverage?a. 1.00 timesb. 2.00 timesc. 3.00 timesd. 4.00 timese. 5.00 times34. Based on the data contained in Table 1, what is the contribution margin?a. $5.00b. $4.00c. $3.00d. $2.0035. Based on the data contained in Table 1, what is the degree of financial leverage?a. 3.33 timesb. 2.50 timesc. 1.50 timesd. 1.33 times36. Based on the data contained in Table 1, what is the degree of combined leverage?a. 6.33b. 6.67c. 7.33d. 7.6737. Fluctuations in EBIT result in:a. fluctuations in EPS, which might be larger or smaller as financial leverage increases.b. smaller fluctuations in EPS, the greater the degree of financial leverage.c. greater fluctuations in EPS, the greater the degree of financial leverage.d. equal fluctuations in EPS, the greater the degree of financial leverage.38. A toy manufacturer following the hedging principle will generally finance seasonal inventory build-up prior to the Christmas season with:a. common stock.b. selling equipment.c. trade credit.d. preferred stock.39. Accounts receivable and inventory self-liquidate through the __________ cycle.a. spontaneous accountb. net working capitalc. cash conversiond. sales-to-receivables collection40. Given that short-term interest rates typically fluctuate more than long-term rates, interest rate risk is least for:a. Treasury bills.b. common stock.c. long-term government bonds.d. medium-term corporate bonds.41. If you compare the yield of a municipal bond with that of a Treasury bond, what is the equivalent before-tax yield of a municipal bond yielding 6% per year for an investor in the 36% tax bracket (round to nearest .1%)?a. 9.4%b. 8.1%c. 7.7%d. 6.3%42. Carrying cost on inventory includes:a. the required rate of return on investment in total assets.b. wages of warehouse employees.c. cost associated with inventory shrinkage.d. both b and c.e. all of the above.43. The TQM view argues that:a. the costs of achieving higher quality are more than economists projected.b. better quality products drive higher sales.c. lost sales result from a poor-quality reputation.d. both b and c.e. all of the above.44. A spot transaction occurs when one currency is:a. deposited in a foreign bank.b. immediately exchanged for another currency.c. exchanged for another currency at a specified price.d. traded for another at an agreed-upon future price.45. Exchange rate risk:a. arises from the fact that the spot exchange rate on a future date is a random variable.b. applies only to certain types of international businesses.c. has been phased out due to recent international legislation.d. both a and b.Use the following information to answer questions 46-47. Below is an excerpt from Table 22-1, The Globalization of Product and Financial Markets, that appears in your text. Values are foreign exchange rates reported in The Wall Street Journal.U.S. $ equivalent Currency per U.S. $Country Mon. Mon.India (Rupee) 0.03137 31.88Britain (Pound) 1.561530-day Forward 1.560990-day Forward 1.5605180-day Forward 1.5603Canada (Dollar) 0.7265 1.376530-day Forward 0.7256 1.378290-day Forward 0.7236 1.3820180-day Forward 0.7196 1.3896Sweden (Koruna) 0.18848 5.305530-day Forward 0.18829 5.311090-day Forward 0.18809 5.3167180-day Forward 0.18795 5.320546. To buy one Indian Rupee you would need:a. 3.137 cents.b. 31.88 dollars.c. 18.848 cents.d. 5.3055 dollars.47. The number of pounds you can purchase per U.S. dollar is:a. 1.5609.b. 0.6207.c. 0.6404.d. 1.5615.48. Which of the following statements about a financial lease is generally true?a. The entire lease payment is used as an income tax deduction.b. Only the portion of the lease payment that reduces the principal may be used as an income tax deduction.c. It has no income tax deductibility.d. Only the portion of the lease payment that is applied to interest is tax-deductible.49. Which of the following most likely would cause a lease to be classified as a capital lease?a. The lease is for five or more years.b. The lease is for $1 million or more.c. The lease permits the lessee to purchase the equipment at the end of the lease for its fair market value.d. The present value of the lease payments, calculated at the lessee’s typical rate of interest for a similar purchase loan, is more than the original purchase price of the equipment.50. What price must a company typically pay to buy another company? The price will:a. include some premium over the current market value of the target’s equity.b. be the market value of the target’s equity.c. be the book value of the target’s equity.d. include some discount relative to the current market value of the target’s equity.