“Fallacies and Errors in Sound Reasoning”

Please respond to the following:

· Explain  the meaning of the term ‘fallacy’ in logic (review the material  provided in Instructor Insights for Week 4; use reliable sources, and  provide your references).

· Use  the Internet to locate at least two (2) advertisements that exhibit any  of the following fallacies: equivocation, false authority, ad hominem,  appeal to ignorance, or bandwagon. Post the videos in the discussion.  Next, identify and discuss the fallacy used in the selected  advertisements: where exactly is the mistake of reasoning being  committed? 

· Remember  that a fallacy is a faulty argument, so, in order to properly identify  the fallacy you need to first identify the argument with its two crucial  parts (what are those parts? review the material discussed in week 3 if  you are not sure). 

· Discuss  the primary reasons why you believe that the advertisers have used the  fallacy in question, and examine whether or not their use of this type  of fallacy is effective.