### Question Description

1. A student at a four-year college claims that average enrollment at four-year colleges is higher than at two-year colleges in the United States. Two surveys are conducted. Of the 35 two-year colleges surveyed, the average enrollment was 5065 with a standard deviation of 4776. Of the 35 four-year colleges surveyed, the average enrollment was 5366 with a standard deviation of 8141. Conduct a hypothesis test at the 5% level.

NOTE: If you are using a Student’s *t*-distribution for the problem, including for paired data, you may assume that the underlying population is normally distributed. (In general, you must first prove that assumption, though.)

State the distribution to use for the test. (Enter your answer in the form *z* or *t**df* where *df* is the degrees of freedom. Round your answer to two decimal places.)

What is the test statistic? (Round your answer to two decimal places.

What is the *p*-value? (Round your answer to four decimal places.)

Indicate the correct decision (“reject” or “do not reject” the null hypothesis), the reason for it, and write an appropriate conclusion.

(i) Alpha:*α* =

2. Mean entry-level salaries for college graduates with mechanical engineering degrees and electrical engineering degrees are believed to be approximately the same. A recruiting office thinks that the mean mechanical engineering salary is actually lower than the mean electrical engineering salary. The recruiting office randomly surveys 44 entry level mechanical engineers and 58 entry level electrical engineers. Their mean salaries were $46,400 and $46,700, respectively. Their standard deviations were $3410 and $4230, respectively. Conduct a hypothesis test at the 5% level to determine if you agree that the mean entry- level mechanical engineering salary is lower than the mean entry-level electrical engineering salary. Let the subscript *m* = mechanical and *e* = electrical.

NOTE: If you are using a Student’s *t*-distribution for the problem, including for paired data, you may assume that the underlying population is normally distributed. (In general, you must first prove that assumption, though.)

State the distribution to use for the test. (Enter your answer in the form *z* or *t**df* where *df* is the degrees of freedom. Round your answer to two decimal places.)

What is the test statistic? (If using the *z* distribution round your answer to two decimal places, and if using the *t* distribution round your answer to three decimal places.

What is the *p*-value? (Round your answer to four decimal places.)

Indicate the correct decision (“reject” or “do not reject” the null hypothesis), the reason for it, and write an appropriate conclusion.

(i) Alpha (Enter an exact number as an integer, fraction, or decimal.)*α* =

3. Some manufacturers claim that non-hybrid sedan cars have a lower mean miles-per-gallon (mpg) than hybrid ones. Suppose that consumers test 21 hybrid sedans and get a mean of 31 mpg with a standard deviation of 7 mpg. Thirty-one non-hybrid sedans get a mean of 20 mpg with a standard deviation of three mpg. Suppose that the population standard deviations are known to be six and three, respectively. Conduct a hypothesis test at the 5% level to evaluate the manufacturers claim.

NOTE: If you are using a Student’s *t*-distribution for the problem, including for paired data, you may assume that the underlying population is normally distributed. (In general, you must first prove that assumption, though.)

State the distribution to use for the test. (Round your answers to two decimal places.) *X-**hybrid* − *X-**non*−*hybrid* ~

What is the test statistic? (If using the *z* distribution round your answer to two decimal places, and if using the *t* distribution round your answer to three decimal places.)

What is the *p*-value? (Round your answer to four decimal places.)

Indicate the correct decision (“reject” or “do not reject” the null hypothesis), the reason for it, and write an appropriate conclusion.

(i) Alpha (Enter an exact number as an integer, fraction, or decimal.) *α* =

4. One of the questions in a study of marital satisfaction of dual-career couples was to rate the statement, “I’m pleased with the way we divide the responsibilities for childcare.” The ratings went from 1 (strongly agree) to 5 (strongly disagree). The table below contains ten of the paired responses for husbands and wives. Conduct a hypothesis test at the 5% level to see if the mean difference in the husband’s versus the wife’s satisfaction level is negative (meaning that, within the partnership, the husband is happier than the wife).

Wife’s score | 3 | 4 | 1 | 3 | 4 | 2 | 1 | 1 | 2 | 4 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Husband’s score | 2 | 1 | 1 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 2 | 4 |

*t*-distribution for the problem, including for paired data, you may assume that the underlying population is normally distributed. (In general, you must first prove that assumption, though.)

State the distribution to use for the test. (Enter your answer in the form *z* or *t**df* where *df* is the degrees of freedom.)

What is the test statistic? (If using the *z* distribution round your answer to two decimal places, and if using the *t* distribution round your answer to three decimal places.)

What is the *p*-value? (Round your answer to four decimal places.)

(i) Alpha (Enter an exact number as an integer, fraction, or decimal.)

*α* =

5. While her husband spent 2½ hours picking out new speakers, a statistician decided to determine whether the percent of men who enjoy shopping for electronic equipment is higher than the percent of women who enjoy shopping for electronic equipment. The population was Saturday afternoon shoppers. Out of 65 men, 22said they enjoyed the activity. Eight of the 24 women surveyed claimed to enjoy the activity. Interpret the results of the survey. Conduct a hypothesis test at the 5% level. Let the subscript *m* = men and *w* = women.

*t*-distribution for the problem, including for paired data, you may assume that the underlying population is normally distributed. (In general, you must first prove that assumption, though.)

State the distribution to use for the test. (Round your answers to four decimal places.) *P’**m* − *P’**w* ~

What is the test statistic? (If using the *z* distribution round your answer to two decimal places, and if using the *t* distribution round your answer to three decimal places.)

What is the *p*-value? (Round your answer to four decimal places.)

(i) Alpha (Enter an exact number as an integer, fraction, or decimal.)

*α* =

6. Ten individuals went on a low-fat diet for 12 weeks to lower their cholesterol. The data are recorded in the table below. Do you think that their cholesterol levels were significantly lowered? Conduct a hypothesis test at the 5% level.

Starting cholesterol level | Ending cholesterol level |
---|---|

150 | 150 |

200 | 250 |

100 | 110 |

240 | 220 |

200 | 190 |

180 | 150 |

190 | 200 |

360 | 300 |

280 | 300 |

260 | 240 |

*t*-distribution for the problem, including for paired data, you may assume that the underlying population is normally distributed. (In general, you must first prove that assumption, though.)

State the distribution to use for the test. (Enter your answer in the form *z* or *t**df* where *df* is the degrees of freedom.)

*z* distribution round your answer to two decimal places, and if using the *t* distribution round your answer to three decimal places.)

What is the *p*-value? (Round your answer to four decimal places.)

(i) Alpha (Enter an exact number as an integer, fraction, or decimal.)

*α* =

1. A student at a four-year college claims that average enrollment at four-year colleges is higher than at two-year colleges in the United States. Two surveys are conducted. Of the 35 two-year colleges surveyed, the average enrollment was 5065 with a standard deviation of 4776. Of the 35 four-year colleges surveyed, the average enrollment was 5366 with a standard deviation of 8141. Conduct a hypothesis test at the 5% level.NOTE: If you are using a Student’s t-distribution for the problem, including for paired data, you may assume that the underlying population is normally distributed. (In general, you must first prove that assumption, though.)State the distribution to use for the test. (Enter your answer in the form z or tdf where df is the degrees of freedom. Round your answer to two decimal places.)What is the test statistic? (Round your answer to two decimal places.What is the p-value? (Round your answer to four decimal places.)Indicate the correct decision (“reject” or “do not reject” the null hypothesis), the reason for it, and write an appropriate conclusion.(i) Alpha:α = 2. Mean entry-level salaries for college graduates with mechanical engineering degrees and electrical engineering degrees are believed to be approximately the same. A recruiting office thinks that the mean mechanical engineering salary is actually lower than the mean electrical engineering salary. The recruiting office randomly surveys 44 entry level mechanical engineers and 58 entry level electrical engineers. Their mean salaries were $46,400 and $46,700, respectively. Their standard deviations were $3410 and $4230, respectively. Conduct a hypothesis test at the 5% level to determine if you agree that the mean entry- level mechanical engineering salary is lower than the mean entry-level electrical engineering salary. Let the subscript m = mechanical and e = electrical.NOTE: If you are using a Student’s t-distribution for the problem, including for paired data, you may assume that the underlying population is normally distributed. (In general, you must first prove that assumption, though.)State the distribution to use for the test. (Enter your answer in the form z or tdf where df is the degrees of freedom. Round your answer to two decimal places.)What is the test statistic? (If using the z distribution round your answer to two decimal places, and if using the t distribution round your answer to three decimal places.What is the p-value? (Round your answer to four decimal places.)Indicate the correct decision (“reject” or “do not reject” the null hypothesis), the reason for it, and write an appropriate conclusion.(i) Alpha (Enter an exact number as an integer, fraction, or decimal.)α =3. Some manufacturers claim that non-hybrid sedan cars have a lower mean miles-per-gallon (mpg) than hybrid ones. Suppose that consumers test 21 hybrid sedans and get a mean of 31 mpg with a standard deviation of 7 mpg. Thirty-one non-hybrid sedans get a mean of 20 mpg with a standard deviation of three mpg. Suppose that the population standard deviations are known to be six and three, respectively. Conduct a hypothesis test at the 5% level to evaluate the manufacturers claim. NOTE: If you are using a Student’s t-distribution for the problem, including for paired data, you may assume that the underlying population is normally distributed. (In general, you must first prove that assumption, though.) State the distribution to use for the test. (Round your answers to two decimal places.) X-hybrid − X-non−hybrid ~ What is the test statistic? (If using the z distribution round your answer to two decimal places, and if using the t distribution round your answer to three decimal places.) What is the p-value? (Round your answer to four decimal places.) Indicate the correct decision (“reject” or “do not reject” the null hypothesis), the reason for it, and write an appropriate conclusion.(i) Alpha (Enter an exact number as an integer, fraction, or decimal.) α =4. One of the questions in a study of marital satisfaction of dual-career couples was to rate the statement, “I’m pleased with the way we divide the responsibilities for childcare.” The ratings went from 1 (strongly agree) to 5 (strongly disagree). The table below contains ten of the paired responses for husbands and wives. Conduct a hypothesis test at the 5% level to see if the mean difference in the husband’s versus the wife’s satisfaction level is negative (meaning that, within the partnership, the husband is happier than the wife).Wife’s score3413421124Husband’s score2113211124NOTE: If you are using a Student’s t-distribution for the problem, including for paired data, you may assume that the underlying population is normally distributed. (In general, you must first prove that assumption, though.)State the distribution to use for the test. (Enter your answer in the form z or tdf where df is the degrees of freedom.)What is the test statistic? (If using the z distribution round your answer to two decimal places, and if using the t distribution round your answer to three decimal places.)What is the p-value? (Round your answer to four decimal places.)Indicate the correct decision (“reject” or “do not reject” the null hypothesis), the reason for it, and write an appropriate conclusion.(i) Alpha (Enter an exact number as an integer, fraction, or decimal.)α =5. While her husband spent 2½ hours picking out new speakers, a statistician decided to determine whether the percent of men who enjoy shopping for electronic equipment is higher than the percent of women who enjoy shopping for electronic equipment. The population was Saturday afternoon shoppers. Out of 65 men, 22said they enjoyed the activity. Eight of the 24 women surveyed claimed to enjoy the activity. Interpret the results of the survey. Conduct a hypothesis test at the 5% level. Let the subscript m = men and w = women. NOTE: If you are using a Student’s t-distribution for the problem, including for paired data, you may assume that the underlying population is normally distributed. (In general, you must first prove that assumption, though.) State the distribution to use for the test. (Round your answers to four decimal places.) P’m − P’w ~ What is the test statistic? (If using the z distribution round your answer to two decimal places, and if using the t distribution round your answer to three decimal places.) What is the p-value? (Round your answer to four decimal places.) Indicate the correct decision (“reject” or “do not reject” the null hypothesis), the reason for it, and write an appropriate conclusion.(i) Alpha (Enter an exact number as an integer, fraction, or decimal.) α =6. Ten individuals went on a low-fat diet for 12 weeks to lower their cholesterol. The data are recorded in the table below. Do you think that their cholesterol levels were significantly lowered? Conduct a hypothesis test at the 5% level.Starting cholesterol levelEnding cholesterol level150150200250100110240220200190180150190200360300280300260240NOTE: If you are using a Student’s t-distribution for the problem, including for paired data, you may assume that the underlying population is normally distributed. (In general, you must first prove that assumption, though.)State the distribution to use for the test. (Enter your answer in the form z or tdf where df is the degrees of freedom.)What is the test statistic? (If using the z distribution round your answer to two decimal places, and if using the t distribution round your answer to three decimal places.)What is the p-value? (Round your answer to four decimal places.)Indicate the correct decision (“reject” or “do not reject” the null hypothesis), the reason for it, and write an appropriate conclusion.(i) Alpha (Enter an exact number as an integer, fraction, or decimal.)α =