Devry ACCT 212 (Financial Accounting)Week 4Week 4: Inventory Management – Discussion 1Inventory Management (graded)A review of the balance sheet of a retailer, such as Wal-Mart, will disclose that in current assets the majority investment is in inventory. With manufacturers, such as Ford, the inventory is spread between three different categories. Let’s start our discussion with some basic inventory questions. How is inventory valued? Which inventory valuation method is most popular and why? What impact on the financial reports can the selection of an inventory valuation method have?Week 4: Inventory Management – Discussion 2LIFO (graded)Under US GAAP, management has choices about how to value current inventory and also the cost of goods sold. For example, they can choose LIFO or FIFO to value their inventory.) However, under International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), LIFO is not an option. To be in compliance with IFRS, international companies cannot use LIFO. Therefore, the majority of companies use FIFO to value their inventory and thus calculate cost of goods.Explain what LIFO means. Then, state whether you believe that IFRS is correct in disallowing LIFO to value inventory and provide your reasoning.ACCT 212 Week 4 Midterm 1 (Explanatory)ACCT 212 Week 4 Midterm 2 (Graded)1. (TCO 1)The Accounting Equation is used to develop the organizations financial reports. (1) Describe what owners’ equity is (10 points) and (2) provide an example of an owners’ equity account. (10 points) (Points : 20)2. (TCO 1)The financial statements present a company to the public in financial terms. (1) Which financial statement identifies how well the company performed during the year (10 points) and (2) explain what information this financial statement provides. (10 points) (Points : 20)3. (TCO 1) The accounting profession follows a set of guidelines for measurement and disclosure of financial information called the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). (1) Explain what the Entity Assumption is (10 points) and (2) provide an example of its application. (10 points) (Points : 20)4. (TCO 2)Transaction analysis results in the development of a journal entry. Supplies are purchased on account agreeing to pay $2,500 within 30 days. (1) Name the accounts impacted and how using the format account name/debit or credit/dollar amount (10 points) and (2) explain how the Accounting Equation is impacted. (10 points) (Points : 20)5. (TCO 3) Adjusting Entries are required at the end of the period to ensure that accrual accounting principles are applied. At the beginning of the month $350 of office supplies were purchased. There was not a beginning balance and the one purchase was the only one for the month. At the end of the month $100 of supplies remained. Develop the adjusting entry.(1) Name the accounts impacted and how using the format account name/debit or credit/dollar amount (10 points) and (2) explain how the Accounting Equation is impacted. (10 points) (Points : 20)6. (TCO 5) Internal Controls are required to safeguard assets and to ensure ethical business practices.(1) Identify and explain the reason for any two of the seven internal control procedures (10 points) and (2) provide examples of how your two selected internal control procedures will meet the goal of safeguarding assets and promoting ethical business practices. (15 points)(Points : 25)7. (TCO 5) The bank account as a control device that helps to protect cash. One of the requirements is to conduct periodic bank statement reconciliations. Using the following data, complete the bank statement reconciliation for Acorn Plumbing, Inc. (Use the format shown on page 255 of your textbook) (25 points)
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