Question Description

Book: http://www.bud.ooo/download/9781506357355.pdf

Find answer from: Chapter 6 –The Principles of Pleasure

QUESTION 1

1.What is affect considered to be a component of?

a.

feeling

b.

disposition

c.

mood

d.

emotion

0.5 points

QUESTION 2

1.A combination of positive affect, general life satisfaction, and the absence of negative affect is the definition of which term?

a.

happiness

b.

joy

c.

contentment

d.

subjective well-being

0.5 points

QUESTION 3

1.In his research on the effects of prolonged exposure to fear and anger, what did Hans Selye conclude?

a.

Physical stress only serves to harm the body and does not provide any adaptive function.

b.

While physical stress harms the body it also has a survival value for humans.

c.

There is a direct relationship between amount of physical stress experienced and length of life.

d.

Exercise can serve to undo the harm that physical stress causes the body.

0.5 points

QUESTION 4

1.What two dimensions of affect does the PANAS-X assess?

a.

flexibility and strength

b.

stability and pervasiveness

c.

attraction and aversion

d.

valence and content

0.5 points

QUESTION 5

1.In an experiment by Isen, how did induced positive affect through the finding of a coin affect human behavior?

a.

Those who found the coin acted more aggressively.

b.

Those who found the coin behaved more selfishly.

c.

Those who found the coin were more likely to help someone in need.

d.

Those who found the coin were ambivalent to the person in need.

0.5 points

QUESTION 6

1.In the study by Estrada, Isen, and Young, how did the group of physicians who received the candy differ from the group who did not receive candy?

a.

They displayed superior reasoning and decision-making.

b.

They behaved more altruistically.

c.

They came up with fewer possible diagnoses.

d.

They displayed more optimism that their patients would recover.

0.5 points

QUESTION 7

1.Which of the following summarizes the implication of research done by Xing and Sun on taking financial risks?

a.

People who take risks are unhappy and are attempting to put themselves in a positive situation.

b.

People who take risks do not experience more happiness unless the risk is high.

c.

People who take risks can do so because of their stable life circumstances.

d.

People who take risks are generally happier due to higher psychological resilience.

0.5 points

QUESTION 8

1.Based on Frederickson’s research, what effect would the emotion of joy tend to have on people?

a.

They are likely to initiate activities.

b.

They are likely to act selfishly.

c.

They are likely to be content with staying where they are.

d.

They are likely to be less judgmental of others.

0.5 points

QUESTION 9

1.What are the benefits of play in young adults?

a.

It promotes altruism and flexibility in problem-solving.

b.

It promotes better coping with the stresses of life.

c.

It allows us to reenact our unresolved issues and childhood traumas.

d.

It promotes higher levels of creativity and influences brain development.

0.5 points

QUESTION 10

1.Which of the following is a behavior identified by Armenta, Fritz, and Lyubomirsky that can help increase engagement in activities that lead to improving one’s life?

a.

religious activities such as prayer

b.

volunteer work

c.

mindfulness meditation

d.

expressing gratitude

0.5 points

QUESTION 11

1.How might joy and contentment have an “undoing” potential for negative emotions?

a.

They change our cognitions and thus the way we perceive the world.

b.

They act as antidotes to negative emotions.

c.

They enhance our subjective well-being.

d.

They increase our sense of hope.

0.5 points

QUESTION 12

1.Considering the review done by Lyubomirsky, King, and Diener, which of the following best describes someone likely to experience beneficial life outcomes such as success?

a.

A person who is regarded as wise.

b.

A person who is showing happiness.

c.

A person who is altruistic.

d.

A person who is courageous.

0.5 points

QUESTION 13

1.Who believed that eudemonia was the key to the good life?

a.

Aristotle

b.

Socrates

c.

Plato

d.

Democritus

0.5 points

QUESTION 14

1.How do process/activity theories explain happiness?

a.

Happiness continuously changes with our differing life conditions.

b.

Engaging in particular life activities generates happiness.

c.

Happiness is closely related to certain personality traits.

d.

The reduction of tension or the satisfaction of needs lead to happiness.

0.5 points

QUESTION 15

1.Based on the numerous studies on well-being, who is likely to exhibit more happiness through increasing social connectedness?

a.

Someone who is Muslim.

b.

Someone who is Peruvian.

c.

Someone who is Asian American.

d.

Someone who is English.

0.5 points

QUESTION 16

1.In what type of nation are you most likely to find that financial status is highly correlated with satisfaction for students?

a.

a wealthy nation, such as the United States

b.

an impoverished nation, such as Somalia

c.

a democratic nation, such as France

d.

a monarchic nation, such as Saudi Arabia

0.5 points

QUESTION 17

1.What two qualities or characteristics consistently emerge in the lives of the happiest young adults?

a.

good mental health and good social relationships

b.

financial stability and marriage at a young age

c.

low socioeconomic status and healthy parental relationships

d.

good academic grades and adequate physical health

0.5 points

QUESTION 18

1.According to Lyubomirsky, Sheldon, and Schkade, about 50% of the population variance for happiness is based on ______.

a.

personality

b.

genetics

c.

sociability

d.

ethnicity

0.5 points

QUESTION 19

1.African-American individuals who report greater life satisfaction are likely to have strong ______.

a.

relationships with family members

b.

ethnic identity and religious commitment

c.

financial stability

d.

friendships with people from their community

0.5 points

QUESTION 20

1.According to Diener, what is most important to happiness?

a.

building connections with others

b.

someone’s perceptions of the world

c.

people’s objective circumstances

d.

our ability to play

Book: http://www.bud.ooo/download/9781506357355.pdfFind answer from: Chapter 6 -The Principles of PleasureQUESTION 11.What is affect considered to be a component of?a.feelingb.dispositionc.moodd.emotion0.5 points QUESTION 21.A combination of positive affect, general life satisfaction, and the absence of negative affect is the definition of which term?a.happinessb.joyc.contentmentd.subjective well-being0.5 points QUESTION 31.In his research on the effects of prolonged exposure to fear and anger, what did Hans Selye conclude?a.Physical stress only serves to harm the body and does not provide any adaptive function.b.While physical stress harms the body it also has a survival value for humans.c.There is a direct relationship between amount of physical stress experienced and length of life.d.Exercise can serve to undo the harm that physical stress causes the body.0.5 points QUESTION 41.What two dimensions of affect does the PANAS-X assess?a.flexibility and strengthb.stability and pervasivenessc.attraction and aversiond.valence and content0.5 points QUESTION 51.In an experiment by Isen, how did induced positive affect through the finding of a coin affect human behavior?a.Those who found the coin acted more aggressively.b.Those who found the coin behaved more selfishly.c.Those who found the coin were more likely to help someone in need.d.Those who found the coin were ambivalent to the person in need.0.5 points QUESTION 61.In the study by Estrada, Isen, and Young, how did the group of physicians who received the candy differ from the group who did not receive candy?a.They displayed superior reasoning and decision-making.b.They behaved more altruistically.c.They came up with fewer possible diagnoses.d.They displayed more optimism that their patients would recover.0.5 points QUESTION 71.Which of the following summarizes the implication of research done by Xing and Sun on taking financial risks?a.People who take risks are unhappy and are attempting to put themselves in a positive situation.b.People who take risks do not experience more happiness unless the risk is high.c.People who take risks can do so because of their stable life circumstances.d.People who take risks are generally happier due to higher psychological resilience.0.5 points QUESTION 81.Based on Frederickson’s research, what effect would the emotion of joy tend to have on people?a.They are likely to initiate activities.b.They are likely to act selfishly.c.They are likely to be content with staying where they are.d.They are likely to be less judgmental of others.0.5 points QUESTION 91.What are the benefits of play in young adults?a.It promotes altruism and flexibility in problem-solving.b.It promotes better coping with the stresses of life.c.It allows us to reenact our unresolved issues and childhood traumas.d.It promotes higher levels of creativity and influences brain development.0.5 points QUESTION 101.Which of the following is a behavior identified by Armenta, Fritz, and Lyubomirsky that can help increase engagement in activities that lead to improving one’s life?a.religious activities such as prayerb.volunteer workc.mindfulness meditationd.expressing gratitude0.5 points QUESTION 111.How might joy and contentment have an “undoing” potential for negative emotions?a.They change our cognitions and thus the way we perceive the world.b.They act as antidotes to negative emotions.c.They enhance our subjective well-being.d.They increase our sense of hope.0.5 points QUESTION 121.Considering the review done by Lyubomirsky, King, and Diener, which of the following best describes someone likely to experience beneficial life outcomes such as success?a.A person who is regarded as wise.b.A person who is showing happiness.c.A person who is altruistic.d.A person who is courageous.0.5 points QUESTION 131.Who believed that eudemonia was the key to the good life?a.Aristotleb.Socratesc.Platod.Democritus0.5 points QUESTION 141.How do process/activity theories explain happiness?a.Happiness continuously changes with our differing life conditions.b.Engaging in particular life activities generates happiness.c.Happiness is closely related to certain personality traits.d.The reduction of tension or the satisfaction of needs lead to happiness.0.5 points QUESTION 151.Based on the numerous studies on well-being, who is likely to exhibit more happiness through increasing social connectedness?a.Someone who is Muslim.b.Someone who is Peruvian.c.Someone who is Asian American.d.Someone who is English.0.5 points QUESTION 161.In what type of nation are you most likely to find that financial status is highly correlated with satisfaction for students?a.a wealthy nation, such as the United Statesb.an impoverished nation, such as Somaliac.a democratic nation, such as Franced.a monarchic nation, such as Saudi Arabia0.5 points QUESTION 171.What two qualities or characteristics consistently emerge in the lives of the happiest young adults?a.good mental health and good social relationshipsb.financial stability and marriage at a young agec.low socioeconomic status and healthy parental relationshipsd.good academic grades and adequate physical health0.5 points QUESTION 181.According to Lyubomirsky, Sheldon, and Schkade, about 50% of the population variance for happiness is based on ______.a.personalityb.geneticsc.sociabilityd.ethnicity0.5 points QUESTION 191.African-American individuals who report greater life satisfaction are likely to have strong ______.a.relationships with family membersb.ethnic identity and religious commitmentc.financial stabilityd.friendships with people from their community0.5 points QUESTION 201.According to Diener, what is most important to happiness?a.building connections with othersb.someone’s perceptions of the worldc.people’s objective circumstancesd.our ability to play